Wood

Metal

Plastic

Ceramic

Vinyl

Paper

Wood

Metal

Plastic

Glassware and Ceramic

Vinyl

Paper

WOOD

Material features

Wooden materials can be cut or engraved more effectively with CO2 lasers. Air-assisted CO2 laser cutting machines, such as Laserbox, are more recommended. In terms of engraving, the edges are more yellowish by a blue-light laser, and those engraved by a CO2 laser are more dark.

Processing tips:

Laser engraving: 

  • align the laser focus with the surface of the consumables, keep the same speed.
  • the greater the power, the deeper the engraving.
  • when you keep the power unchanged, the slower the speed, the deeper the engraving.

Laser cutting: 

  • align the laser focus with the center of the material. Taking a board of 5mm thickness as an example, align the laser focus with the surface of the material first, and then put the laser head down 2.5mm, or raise the height of the board by 2.5mm. In this way, you can achieve the best result.

In terms of laser cutting, if the consumables to be cut can be hung in the air, the cutting section and surface can be kept clean.

In terms of laser cutting, you can stick masking tape on a board before cutting and tear it off afterward. In this way, the board can be kept clean.

METAL

Material features

Metal materials absorb more easily the energy emitted by a blue-light laser. Laser beams generated by a CO2 laser may be reflected by the surface of the metal when falling on it, resulting in a loss of energy. In terms of engraving, the edges are slightly deeper and darker done by blue-light laser than those engraved by a CO2 laser. xTool D1 is more recommended for metal.

Processing tips:

Take the engraving on stainless steel as an example: for blue-light lasers, the laser head needs to be at least 5W or higher, the intensity needs to be compressed, and the focus must be precisely aligned with the surface of the stainless steel.

In the case of picture engraving, slightly slow down the speed to ensure that the laser beam for each pixel can pierce the metal surface, leaving lines on the surface.

PLASTIC

Material features

Plastic here refers to the combination of all hard plastic materials including acrylic, thin PET and PVC, which can be cut and engraved by both blue-light and CO2 lasers but require higher power. In terms of cutting, CO2 lasers provide higher power than blue-light lasers and can complete higher-quality cutting at a higher speed. Recommend Laserbox Rotary.

Processing tips:

Plastics can easily burn and melt. Therefore, you can engrave plastics with lower power and higher speed and repeat the engraving multiple times.

GLASSWARE AND CERAMICS

Material features

Glass and ceramic items absorb the energy emitted by CO2 lasers more easily but almost absorb no blue light. In terms of engraving, a CO2 laser can directly engrave on the surface of a ceramic or glass item. If you use a blue-light laser for engraving, a piece of laser engraver marking paper is required. Recommend Laserbox Rotary.

Processing tips:

For CO2 lasers, do not use high power and speed on glass or ceramic objects in case of damage.

For blue-light/red-light lasers, laser beams would be reflected by the ceramic surface or penetrate through the glass surface, the energy can't be gathered on the surface of the material, and thus laser engraving can't be performed. Therefore, to engrave a pattern on a glass or ceramic item, you need to paste a piece of laser engraver marking paper on it.

VINYL

Material features

Vinyl materials are temperature sensitive, and so suitable for laser-cutting. You can choose a blade head for cutting vinyl material. Vinyl material comes with an adhesive backing, so it can be heated and stamped to the surface of a fabric, allowing you to design your clothes.

Processing tips:

Vinyl materials can't be cut with lasers. They can be cut only with blade cutters.

PAPER

Material features

Paper can be easily cut by any kind of cutting machine. For the cutting result, blade cutting can achieve clear edges while laser cutting generates sharper corners of outlines.

Processing tips:

For thicker cardboard, lasers are recommended, though there would be dark edges. Compared with blade cutters, lasers can cut cardboard with higher accuracy and sharpness.